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文章来源:SEO    发布时间:2019-06-24 21:28:51  【字号:      】

www.00rfd.com_www.33rfd.com-【经营以下网站】ForeigncapitalflowstoChinaareexpectedtorisefromMondayafteraportionofthenation'snearly-trillionofonshorebondswereincludedinakeyglobalindex.OnMonday,China'srenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybanksecuritieswereincludedintheBloombergBarclaysGlobalAggregateIndex,aglobalfixed-incomeinvestmentbenchmark,whichcouldtriggermorecapitalinflowsintothecountryandprovidestabilitytocurrencyandfundborrowers.GlobalbankshavepredictedthattheBloombergBarclaysindexinclusionwillattract0billionto0billionofoverseasfundsforthenextfiveyears.Morethan67percentofthemarketparticipantsinAsiaarelikelytoincreasetheirinvestmentinChineseonshorebondsthisyear,drivenlargelybytheindexinclusion,saidarecentsurveyfromBloomberg,theUS-basedfinancialinformationprovider.TheStateAdministrationofForeignExchangesaidonFridaythatimprovingconvertibilityofthecapitalaccountwouldbeoneofthekeytasksthisyearsoastograduallyachievefreecross-bordercapitalflowsandfurtheropenthebondmarket.BloombergChairmanPeterGrauertoldChinaDailyinanexclusiveinterviewaweekagothattheindexinclusionwillmaketheChinesebondmarketmoreattractivetoglobalinvestorsandbringinmoreliquidity.Heexpectsmorepolicymeasurestobetakeninthesubsequentyears.ThesemeasuresincludeimprovingChina'screditratingssystemandcorporatedisclosurelevels,launchingnewindexproducts,suchasbondexchange-tradedfunds,andexpandinghedgingtoolstomanageforeignexchangeandinterestrisks,saidGrauer.Aftera20-monthprocess,therenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybankbondswillrepresentabout6to7percentoftheindex'scomponents,hesaid.Accordingtothecentralbank,China'sonshorebondmarketworthwas88trillionyuan(.12trillion)bytheendofFebruary."InternationalinvestorswanttoparticipateinthegrowthoftheChineseeconomy.Onewaytheycandothatisbyinvestinginfixed-incomeinstruments,"hesaid.Besides,theindexwillallowglobalinvestorstocompareperformancewiththeoverallsituation,akeyglobalbenchmark.Currently,China's10-yeartreasuryyieldsarehigherthanthatintheUnitedStates,GermanyandJapan,andtheirreturnsarehigherthanothereconomieswithsimilarcreditratings.Thatcoulddriveinvestordemandandprovidediversificationopportunitiestoglobalinvestors,accordingtoGrauer.InvestorsintheUnitedStateshaveconfidenceintheChinesefinancialmarket,hesaid."Ifyouwanttoplayontheglobalstage,youshouldhaveastakeonthegroundinChinaandbeagoodcorporatecitizenwithalong-termviewaboutSino-USrelations."IbelievetheopeningofChina'sfinancialmarketmaybeoneofthebiggestchangesinthehistoryofglobalcapitalmarkets,andoneofthemostexciting."TheinclusionofChinesedomesticdebtintheindexcouldpotentiallyleadtoabouttrillionoffundinflowsintotheChineseonshorebondmarket,accordingtoIvanChung,associatemanagingdirectorofMoody'sInvestorsService,aglobalratingscompany.BytheendofJanuary,foreignholdingsofChinesedomesticbondstotaled1.75trillionyuan,whichwasequivalentto2percentoftotaloutstandingonshorebonds,accordingtoMoody'sdata."AsinvestorsparticipateincreasinglyinandunderstandbettertheChineseonshorebondmarket,theywillfeelmorecomfortableincreasingtheirrenminbi-denominatedassetallocations,andexpandingtheirinvestmentstoothercreditbondslikemunicipalbonds,corporatebondsandasset-backedsecurities,"saidChung.Theamountofgovernmentandpolicybankbondsincustodyaccountstotaled47.86trillionyuanbytheendofFebruary,accordingtodatafromtheState-ownedclearinghouseChinaCentralDepositoryandClearing.Comparedwithtreasuriesandpolicybankbonds,Chinesecorporatebondsarenotsoattractivesofarfortheforeigninvestor,giventhecurrentlevelofcorporatedisclosureandgovernancequality.Concernsonpotentialdefaultrisksmighthavediscouragedthemtoincreaseholdingsinassetallocations.ZhouXiaochuan,formercentralbankgovernor,saidattheBoaoForumforAsiathatasChinaisfurtheropeningthetrilliononshorebondmarket,foreigninstitutionswillparticipatemoreintheChinesebondmarket,andtheywillincreaseinterestinunderwritingcorporatebonds.Theforeignexchangeregulatorshowedthatin2018,thenetinflowsofforeigncapitalintotheonshorebondmarketstoodat.7billion,upby1.4timesfromthelevelseenin2017."It(theinclusion)indicatestheorderlyopening-upoftheChinesecapitalmarket,andtheimprovementoffinancialmarketinfrastructure,"saidtheSAFE2018annualinternationalbalancereportreleasedonFriday.AChinaPostcourierdeliversparcelsonamotorcycleinNakarzecounty,Tibetautonomousregion.(Photo/Xinhua)Highaltitude,bitingcoldmakeitoneofthemosthostiletransportroutesonearthStartingfromthecityofGolmudinnorthwesternChina'sQinghaiprovince,theQinghai-TibetHighwaywindssouththroughthemightyKunlunMountainsandbesidetheChumarandTuotuorivers.Everyweek,GeJun,acourierforState-ownedChinaPost'sGolmudbranch,drivesagreenvancarryingparcelsalongtheroutebetweenGolmudandthetownofDangla,alsoinQinghai,Thedeliveryroute,launchedin2009,crossesavastlandscapeofice,snow,mountainsandriversinanareawithanaveragealtitudeof4,500meters."Oneroundtripontherouteisabout900kilometers,andsofarIhavecoveredabout450,000km,"the43-year-oldsaid."ThedistancebetweenEarthandthemoonis380,000km,whichmeansIhavealreadylandedonthemooninthatsense!"Special:TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

TouristsviewtheautumnsceneryattheMutianyuGreatWallinBeijing,capitalofChina,Oct.28,2018.(Xinhua/ChenYehua)PeopleintheSanFranciscoBayAreacontinuetoshowagrowinginterestinvisitingChinaandexploringthecountry'sculture,history,naturalwondersandlifestyles,saidtouroperatorsspecializedintheU.S.regionMonday.Atthejust-concludedannualBayAreaTravelandAdventureShowinSantaClara,Californiaovertheweekend,manyvisitorsstoppedattheboothofAlexWang,ownerofatravelagency.Theytookbrochuresoraskedhimquestionsaboutthetravelitinerariesthecompanyprovided."Wehaveattendedtheshowforseveralyearstopromoteourtravelproducts.There'sanincreasinginterestfromAmericanpeople,includingChineseAmericansintheBayArea,"saidWang,presidentofChinatour.comInternationalInc,aSouthernCalifornia-basedtouroperator.WithabigpictureofChina'sTempleofHeavenhangingattheboothasbackground,Wanghandedoutthousandsofbrochuresandflyersatthetwo-dayexhibitionovertheweekend."Weprovidebothhigh-endluxurytoursandbudgettoursforyoungpeople,"hesaid."Thoseretiredcustomerstendtochooselonghaultours,suchasYangtzeRivercruise,whichisverypopular.Youngpeopleareusuallyattractedtoshorttours,suchasweek-longtourtoBeijing,ShanghaiandXi'an."TheBayAreaTravelandAdventureShow,whichhasbeenheldfornineyearsintheregion,isamajorexhibitionfortouriststofindinformationabouttheirdesireddestinations.Theeventisprojectedtoattractbetween8,000and9,000peoplethisyear,accordingtotheorganizer.TheboothsofChinaNationalTouristOffice(CNTO)andafewChinesetouristagencieswereamongthemostpopularones.Peopleevenqueueduptogetafreesouvenir,suchas12zodiacanimalbookmarksandpandacalendars.CynthiaChang,whogotamonkeybookmark,saidshehadalwayswantedtovisitherfather'shometownineastChina'sJiangsuProvince.AsasecondgenerationChineseAmerican,shesaidwhatattractedherthemostwasChina'shistoryandculture,aswellasfood."TheBayAreaisaveryimportantmarketforus.It'soneofthemostaffluentregionsinthecountryandpeopleherearegenerallymorefamiliarwithChineseculturebecauseofthelargeChinesecommunity,"saidEmmaMa,whoworksfortheLosAngelesofficeofCNTO,whichistaskedtopromotetourismtoChina.SpanningfromthewinecountrytoSiliconValley,theBayAreahasapopulationofover7millionpeopleinninecountiesand101cities,accordingtoBayAreaCensus.ThemedianhouseholdincomeinSanFranciscowas96,265U.S.dollarsin2017,comparedto61,372dollarsoftheU.S.medianhouseholdincome,statisticsoftheU.S.CensusBureaushowed.CNTOhasbeenanexhibitorateacheventoftheTravelandAdventureShowtopromotethetouristsourcesandtravelinformationtoAmericanpeople,accordingtoMa.Thisyear,CNTOworkedwiththreelocaltravelagencies--Chinatour.com,AccessAsiaToursandChinaTravelService,aswellastwoairlines--AirChinaandAirCanada--topresentvarioustravelroutesatdifferentpricepointstoChina."TheclassicdestinationsforthosetouristswhohaveneverbeentoChinaarethe'GoldenTriangle"--Beijing,Xi'anandShanghai,"saidNapioAsahara,managerofsalesandoperationsatAccessAsiaTours,aNorthAmerica-basedtourcompanyspecializedincustomizedprivatetourstoChina."ForthosewhoplantovisitChinaforthesecondorthirdtime,wehavenoticedanincreasinginterestinSilkRoad,orTibet,"shesaid.Asaharasaidhercompanyfocusesonhigh-endsmalltoursandmostoftheirclientsareretiredpeoplewhohavemoreleisuretimeandcanaffordhigherpricedtours.ThankstoCNTO'soverseaspromotionoftheSilkRoadtouristdestinationsinthepastfewyears,severaltravelitinerariesbasedontheancienttraderoutehavebeendevelopedandhighlightedinthebrochuresattheshow.AnothersuccessfulexampleisSichuanProvince,whichhasbeenactivelypromotingtheprovince'stouristsourcesintheUnitedStatesinthepasttwoyears,saidWang."Whenweattendedsuchtravelshows,wewereoftenaskedaboutpandaorSichuancuisine,"saidWang."Icanseethere'sanincreasinginterestintravelinginSichuan."China'sinboundtourismremainedsteadyin2018whenatotalof141millioninboundvisitorswererecorded,up1.2percentyear-on-year,accordingtofiguresfromChina'sMinistryofCultureandTourism.Inboundtouristsbroughtatotalof127.1billionU.S.dollarsinrevenuetothetourismsectorin2018,registeringa3percentincreasecomparedwith2017.Morethan5millionpeopletraveledbetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesin2016,whichwasdesignatedasU.S.-ChinaTourismYearbybothcountries."TowelcomemoreAmericantouristsinChina,wetouroperatorsneedtodevelopin-depthtourexperience,"saidWang.Lastyear,hiscompanypartneredwithShandongProvincetoaddConfucius'hometownandQingdaototheirexistingtourroutesfromBeijingtoShanghai.Asidefrombeinga"timecapsuleofancientcultures,"Chinaalsoisa"monumentalstageshowcasingmodernmiracles,"saidWang."It'sauniqueexperienceforoverseastouriststoseethecontrastbetweentheancientChinesecultureanditsmodernentrepreneurialspirit."Chinawitnessedasurgeinthenumberofapplicationsforexit-entrypermitsonMonday,thefirstdayanewregulationtostreamlinerelatedapplicationprocedurestookeffect.About77,000exit-entrypermitapplicationsfromcitizenswithhouseholdregistrationfromelsewherewerehandledonMonday,including22,000forpassports,figuresfromtheNationalImmigrationAdministrationshow.Therewerealso24,000applicationsfortravelpassesforHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregionsaswellasTaiwanand31,000forgrouptourendorsementsforthethreeregions.Accordingtothenewregulation,Chinesecitizensonthemainland,regardlessofwheretheywerebornorlive,areabletoapplyfortheaforementionedtraveldocumentsatanyimmigrationadministrationsacrossthecountry.Citizensarenolongerrequiredtoreturntotheirhouseholdregistrationplacetoapplyforexit-entrypermits.ForeigncapitalflowstoChinaareexpectedtorisefromMondayafteraportionofthenation'snearly-trillionofonshorebondswereincludedinakeyglobalindex.OnMonday,China'srenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybanksecuritieswereincludedintheBloombergBarclaysGlobalAggregateIndex,aglobalfixed-incomeinvestmentbenchmark,whichcouldtriggermorecapitalinflowsintothecountryandprovidestabilitytocurrencyandfundborrowers.GlobalbankshavepredictedthattheBloombergBarclaysindexinclusionwillattract0billionto0billionofoverseasfundsforthenextfiveyears.Morethan67percentofthemarketparticipantsinAsiaarelikelytoincreasetheirinvestmentinChineseonshorebondsthisyear,drivenlargelybytheindexinclusion,saidarecentsurveyfromBloomberg,theUS-basedfinancialinformationprovider.TheStateAdministrationofForeignExchangesaidonFridaythatimprovingconvertibilityofthecapitalaccountwouldbeoneofthekeytasksthisyearsoastograduallyachievefreecross-bordercapitalflowsandfurtheropenthebondmarket.BloombergChairmanPeterGrauertoldChinaDailyinanexclusiveinterviewaweekagothattheindexinclusionwillmaketheChinesebondmarketmoreattractivetoglobalinvestorsandbringinmoreliquidity.Heexpectsmorepolicymeasurestobetakeninthesubsequentyears.ThesemeasuresincludeimprovingChina'screditratingssystemandcorporatedisclosurelevels,launchingnewindexproducts,suchasbondexchange-tradedfunds,andexpandinghedgingtoolstomanageforeignexchangeandinterestrisks,saidGrauer.Aftera20-monthprocess,therenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybankbondswillrepresentabout6to7percentoftheindex'scomponents,hesaid.Accordingtothecentralbank,China'sonshorebondmarketworthwas88trillionyuan(.12trillion)bytheendofFebruary."InternationalinvestorswanttoparticipateinthegrowthoftheChineseeconomy.Onewaytheycandothatisbyinvestinginfixed-incomeinstruments,"hesaid.Besides,theindexwillallowglobalinvestorstocompareperformancewiththeoverallsituation,akeyglobalbenchmark.Currently,China's10-yeartreasuryyieldsarehigherthanthatintheUnitedStates,GermanyandJapan,andtheirreturnsarehigherthanothereconomieswithsimilarcreditratings.Thatcoulddriveinvestordemandandprovidediversificationopportunitiestoglobalinvestors,accordingtoGrauer.InvestorsintheUnitedStateshaveconfidenceintheChinesefinancialmarket,hesaid."Ifyouwanttoplayontheglobalstage,youshouldhaveastakeonthegroundinChinaandbeagoodcorporatecitizenwithalong-termviewaboutSino-USrelations."IbelievetheopeningofChina'sfinancialmarketmaybeoneofthebiggestchangesinthehistoryofglobalcapitalmarkets,andoneofthemostexciting."TheinclusionofChinesedomesticdebtintheindexcouldpotentiallyleadtoabouttrillionoffundinflowsintotheChineseonshorebondmarket,accordingtoIvanChung,associatemanagingdirectorofMoody'sInvestorsService,aglobalratingscompany.BytheendofJanuary,foreignholdingsofChinesedomesticbondstotaled1.75trillionyuan,whichwasequivalentto2percentoftotaloutstandingonshorebonds,accordingtoMoody'sdata."AsinvestorsparticipateincreasinglyinandunderstandbettertheChineseonshorebondmarket,theywillfeelmorecomfortableincreasingtheirrenminbi-denominatedassetallocations,andexpandingtheirinvestmentstoothercreditbondslikemunicipalbonds,corporatebondsandasset-backedsecurities,"saidChung.Theamountofgovernmentandpolicybankbondsincustodyaccountstotaled47.86trillionyuanbytheendofFebruary,accordingtodatafromtheState-ownedclearinghouseChinaCentralDepositoryandClearing.Comparedwithtreasuriesandpolicybankbonds,Chinesecorporatebondsarenotsoattractivesofarfortheforeigninvestor,giventhecurrentlevelofcorporatedisclosureandgovernancequality.Concernsonpotentialdefaultrisksmighthavediscouragedthemtoincreaseholdingsinassetallocations.ZhouXiaochuan,formercentralbankgovernor,saidattheBoaoForumforAsiathatasChinaisfurtheropeningthetrilliononshorebondmarket,foreigninstitutionswillparticipatemoreintheChinesebondmarket,andtheywillincreaseinterestinunderwritingcorporatebonds.Theforeignexchangeregulatorshowedthatin2018,thenetinflowsofforeigncapitalintotheonshorebondmarketstoodat.7billion,upby1.4timesfromthelevelseenin2017."It(theinclusion)indicatestheorderlyopening-upoftheChinesecapitalmarket,andtheimprovementoffinancialmarketinfrastructure,"saidtheSAFE2018annualinternationalbalancereportreleasedonFriday.TouristsviewtheautumnsceneryattheMutianyuGreatWallinBeijing,capitalofChina,Oct.28,2018.(Xinhua/ChenYehua)PeopleintheSanFranciscoBayAreacontinuetoshowagrowinginterestinvisitingChinaandexploringthecountry'sculture,history,naturalwondersandlifestyles,saidtouroperatorsspecializedintheU.S.regionMonday.Atthejust-concludedannualBayAreaTravelandAdventureShowinSantaClara,Californiaovertheweekend,manyvisitorsstoppedattheboothofAlexWang,ownerofatravelagency.Theytookbrochuresoraskedhimquestionsaboutthetravelitinerariesthecompanyprovided."Wehaveattendedtheshowforseveralyearstopromoteourtravelproducts.There'sanincreasinginterestfromAmericanpeople,includingChineseAmericansintheBayArea,"saidWang,presidentofChinatour.comInternationalInc,aSouthernCalifornia-basedtouroperator.WithabigpictureofChina'sTempleofHeavenhangingattheboothasbackground,Wanghandedoutthousandsofbrochuresandflyersatthetwo-dayexhibitionovertheweekend."Weprovidebothhigh-endluxurytoursandbudgettoursforyoungpeople,"hesaid."Thoseretiredcustomerstendtochooselonghaultours,suchasYangtzeRivercruise,whichisverypopular.Youngpeopleareusuallyattractedtoshorttours,suchasweek-longtourtoBeijing,ShanghaiandXi'an."TheBayAreaTravelandAdventureShow,whichhasbeenheldfornineyearsintheregion,isamajorexhibitionfortouriststofindinformationabouttheirdesireddestinations.Theeventisprojectedtoattractbetween8,000and9,000peoplethisyear,accordingtotheorganizer.TheboothsofChinaNationalTouristOffice(CNTO)andafewChinesetouristagencieswereamongthemostpopularones.Peopleevenqueueduptogetafreesouvenir,suchas12zodiacanimalbookmarksandpandacalendars.CynthiaChang,whogotamonkeybookmark,saidshehadalwayswantedtovisitherfather'shometownineastChina'sJiangsuProvince.AsasecondgenerationChineseAmerican,shesaidwhatattractedherthemostwasChina'shistoryandculture,aswellasfood."TheBayAreaisaveryimportantmarketforus.It'soneofthemostaffluentregionsinthecountryandpeopleherearegenerallymorefamiliarwithChineseculturebecauseofthelargeChinesecommunity,"saidEmmaMa,whoworksfortheLosAngelesofficeofCNTO,whichistaskedtopromotetourismtoChina.SpanningfromthewinecountrytoSiliconValley,theBayAreahasapopulationofover7millionpeopleinninecountiesand101cities,accordingtoBayAreaCensus.ThemedianhouseholdincomeinSanFranciscowas96,265U.S.dollarsin2017,comparedto61,372dollarsoftheU.S.medianhouseholdincome,statisticsoftheU.S.CensusBureaushowed.CNTOhasbeenanexhibitorateacheventoftheTravelandAdventureShowtopromotethetouristsourcesandtravelinformationtoAmericanpeople,accordingtoMa.Thisyear,CNTOworkedwiththreelocaltravelagencies--Chinatour.com,AccessAsiaToursandChinaTravelService,aswellastwoairlines--AirChinaandAirCanada--topresentvarioustravelroutesatdifferentpricepointstoChina."TheclassicdestinationsforthosetouristswhohaveneverbeentoChinaarethe'GoldenTriangle"--Beijing,Xi'anandShanghai,"saidNapioAsahara,managerofsalesandoperationsatAccessAsiaTours,aNorthAmerica-basedtourcompanyspecializedincustomizedprivatetourstoChina."ForthosewhoplantovisitChinaforthesecondorthirdtime,wehavenoticedanincreasinginterestinSilkRoad,orTibet,"shesaid.Asaharasaidhercompanyfocusesonhigh-endsmalltoursandmostoftheirclientsareretiredpeoplewhohavemoreleisuretimeandcanaffordhigherpricedtours.ThankstoCNTO'soverseaspromotionoftheSilkRoadtouristdestinationsinthepastfewyears,severaltravelitinerariesbasedontheancienttraderoutehavebeendevelopedandhighlightedinthebrochuresattheshow.AnothersuccessfulexampleisSichuanProvince,whichhasbeenactivelypromotingtheprovince'stouristsourcesintheUnitedStatesinthepasttwoyears,saidWang."Whenweattendedsuchtravelshows,wewereoftenaskedaboutpandaorSichuancuisine,"saidWang."Icanseethere'sanincreasinginterestintravelinginSichuan."China'sinboundtourismremainedsteadyin2018whenatotalof141millioninboundvisitorswererecorded,up1.2percentyear-on-year,accordingtofiguresfromChina'sMinistryofCultureandTourism.Inboundtouristsbroughtatotalof127.1billionU.S.dollarsinrevenuetothetourismsectorin2018,registeringa3percentincreasecomparedwith2017.Morethan5millionpeopletraveledbetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesin2016,whichwasdesignatedasU.S.-ChinaTourismYearbybothcountries."TowelcomemoreAmericantouristsinChina,wetouroperatorsneedtodevelopin-depthtourexperience,"saidWang.Lastyear,hiscompanypartneredwithShandongProvincetoaddConfucius'hometownandQingdaototheirexistingtourroutesfromBeijingtoShanghai.Asidefrombeinga"timecapsuleofancientcultures,"Chinaalsoisa"monumentalstageshowcasingmodernmiracles,"saidWang."It'sauniqueexperienceforoverseastouriststoseethecontrastbetweentheancientChinesecultureanditsmodernentrepreneurialspirit."

Chinawitnessedasurgeinthenumberofapplicationsforexit-entrypermitsonMonday,thefirstdayanewregulationtostreamlinerelatedapplicationprocedurestookeffect.About77,000exit-entrypermitapplicationsfromcitizenswithhouseholdregistrationfromelsewherewerehandledonMonday,including22,000forpassports,figuresfromtheNationalImmigrationAdministrationshow.Therewerealso24,000applicationsfortravelpassesforHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregionsaswellasTaiwanand31,000forgrouptourendorsementsforthethreeregions.Accordingtothenewregulation,Chinesecitizensonthemainland,regardlessofwheretheywerebornorlive,areabletoapplyfortheaforementionedtraveldocumentsatanyimmigrationadministrationsacrossthecountry.Citizensarenolongerrequiredtoreturntotheirhouseholdregistrationplacetoapplyforexit-entrypermits.TouristsviewtheautumnsceneryattheMutianyuGreatWallinBeijing,capitalofChina,Oct.28,2018.(Xinhua/ChenYehua)PeopleintheSanFranciscoBayAreacontinuetoshowagrowinginterestinvisitingChinaandexploringthecountry'sculture,history,naturalwondersandlifestyles,saidtouroperatorsspecializedintheU.S.regionMonday.Atthejust-concludedannualBayAreaTravelandAdventureShowinSantaClara,Californiaovertheweekend,manyvisitorsstoppedattheboothofAlexWang,ownerofatravelagency.Theytookbrochuresoraskedhimquestionsaboutthetravelitinerariesthecompanyprovided."Wehaveattendedtheshowforseveralyearstopromoteourtravelproducts.There'sanincreasinginterestfromAmericanpeople,includingChineseAmericansintheBayArea,"saidWang,presidentofChinatour.comInternationalInc,aSouthernCalifornia-basedtouroperator.WithabigpictureofChina'sTempleofHeavenhangingattheboothasbackground,Wanghandedoutthousandsofbrochuresandflyersatthetwo-dayexhibitionovertheweekend."Weprovidebothhigh-endluxurytoursandbudgettoursforyoungpeople,"hesaid."Thoseretiredcustomerstendtochooselonghaultours,suchasYangtzeRivercruise,whichisverypopular.Youngpeopleareusuallyattractedtoshorttours,suchasweek-longtourtoBeijing,ShanghaiandXi'an."TheBayAreaTravelandAdventureShow,whichhasbeenheldfornineyearsintheregion,isamajorexhibitionfortouriststofindinformationabouttheirdesireddestinations.Theeventisprojectedtoattractbetween8,000and9,000peoplethisyear,accordingtotheorganizer.TheboothsofChinaNationalTouristOffice(CNTO)andafewChinesetouristagencieswereamongthemostpopularones.Peopleevenqueueduptogetafreesouvenir,suchas12zodiacanimalbookmarksandpandacalendars.CynthiaChang,whogotamonkeybookmark,saidshehadalwayswantedtovisitherfather'shometownineastChina'sJiangsuProvince.AsasecondgenerationChineseAmerican,shesaidwhatattractedherthemostwasChina'shistoryandculture,aswellasfood."TheBayAreaisaveryimportantmarketforus.It'soneofthemostaffluentregionsinthecountryandpeopleherearegenerallymorefamiliarwithChineseculturebecauseofthelargeChinesecommunity,"saidEmmaMa,whoworksfortheLosAngelesofficeofCNTO,whichistaskedtopromotetourismtoChina.SpanningfromthewinecountrytoSiliconValley,theBayAreahasapopulationofover7millionpeopleinninecountiesand101cities,accordingtoBayAreaCensus.ThemedianhouseholdincomeinSanFranciscowas96,265U.S.dollarsin2017,comparedto61,372dollarsoftheU.S.medianhouseholdincome,statisticsoftheU.S.CensusBureaushowed.CNTOhasbeenanexhibitorateacheventoftheTravelandAdventureShowtopromotethetouristsourcesandtravelinformationtoAmericanpeople,accordingtoMa.Thisyear,CNTOworkedwiththreelocaltravelagencies--Chinatour.com,AccessAsiaToursandChinaTravelService,aswellastwoairlines--AirChinaandAirCanada--topresentvarioustravelroutesatdifferentpricepointstoChina."TheclassicdestinationsforthosetouristswhohaveneverbeentoChinaarethe'GoldenTriangle"--Beijing,Xi'anandShanghai,"saidNapioAsahara,managerofsalesandoperationsatAccessAsiaTours,aNorthAmerica-basedtourcompanyspecializedincustomizedprivatetourstoChina."ForthosewhoplantovisitChinaforthesecondorthirdtime,wehavenoticedanincreasinginterestinSilkRoad,orTibet,"shesaid.Asaharasaidhercompanyfocusesonhigh-endsmalltoursandmostoftheirclientsareretiredpeoplewhohavemoreleisuretimeandcanaffordhigherpricedtours.ThankstoCNTO'soverseaspromotionoftheSilkRoadtouristdestinationsinthepastfewyears,severaltravelitinerariesbasedontheancienttraderoutehavebeendevelopedandhighlightedinthebrochuresattheshow.AnothersuccessfulexampleisSichuanProvince,whichhasbeenactivelypromotingtheprovince'stouristsourcesintheUnitedStatesinthepasttwoyears,saidWang."Whenweattendedsuchtravelshows,wewereoftenaskedaboutpandaorSichuancuisine,"saidWang."Icanseethere'sanincreasinginterestintravelinginSichuan."China'sinboundtourismremainedsteadyin2018whenatotalof141millioninboundvisitorswererecorded,up1.2percentyear-on-year,accordingtofiguresfromChina'sMinistryofCultureandTourism.Inboundtouristsbroughtatotalof127.1billionU.S.dollarsinrevenuetothetourismsectorin2018,registeringa3percentincreasecomparedwith2017.Morethan5millionpeopletraveledbetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesin2016,whichwasdesignatedasU.S.-ChinaTourismYearbybothcountries."TowelcomemoreAmericantouristsinChina,wetouroperatorsneedtodevelopin-depthtourexperience,"saidWang.Lastyear,hiscompanypartneredwithShandongProvincetoaddConfucius'hometownandQingdaototheirexistingtourroutesfromBeijingtoShanghai.Asidefrombeinga"timecapsuleofancientcultures,"Chinaalsoisa"monumentalstageshowcasingmodernmiracles,"saidWang."It'sauniqueexperienceforoverseastouriststoseethecontrastbetweentheancientChinesecultureanditsmodernentrepreneurialspirit."Special:TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

Chinawitnessedasurgeinthenumberofapplicationsforexit-entrypermitsonMonday,thefirstdayanewregulationtostreamlinerelatedapplicationprocedurestookeffect.About77,000exit-entrypermitapplicationsfromcitizenswithhouseholdregistrationfromelsewherewerehandledonMonday,including22,000forpassports,figuresfromtheNationalImmigrationAdministrationshow.Therewerealso24,000applicationsfortravelpassesforHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregionsaswellasTaiwanand31,000forgrouptourendorsementsforthethreeregions.Accordingtothenewregulation,Chinesecitizensonthemainland,regardlessofwheretheywerebornorlive,areabletoapplyfortheaforementionedtraveldocumentsatanyimmigrationadministrationsacrossthecountry.Citizensarenolongerrequiredtoreturntotheirhouseholdregistrationplacetoapplyforexit-entrypermits.ForeigncapitalflowstoChinaareexpectedtorisefromMondayafteraportionofthenation'snearly-trillionofonshorebondswereincludedinakeyglobalindex.OnMonday,China'srenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybanksecuritieswereincludedintheBloombergBarclaysGlobalAggregateIndex,aglobalfixed-incomeinvestmentbenchmark,whichcouldtriggermorecapitalinflowsintothecountryandprovidestabilitytocurrencyandfundborrowers.GlobalbankshavepredictedthattheBloombergBarclaysindexinclusionwillattract0billionto0billionofoverseasfundsforthenextfiveyears.Morethan67percentofthemarketparticipantsinAsiaarelikelytoincreasetheirinvestmentinChineseonshorebondsthisyear,drivenlargelybytheindexinclusion,saidarecentsurveyfromBloomberg,theUS-basedfinancialinformationprovider.TheStateAdministrationofForeignExchangesaidonFridaythatimprovingconvertibilityofthecapitalaccountwouldbeoneofthekeytasksthisyearsoastograduallyachievefreecross-bordercapitalflowsandfurtheropenthebondmarket.BloombergChairmanPeterGrauertoldChinaDailyinanexclusiveinterviewaweekagothattheindexinclusionwillmaketheChinesebondmarketmoreattractivetoglobalinvestorsandbringinmoreliquidity.Heexpectsmorepolicymeasurestobetakeninthesubsequentyears.ThesemeasuresincludeimprovingChina'screditratingssystemandcorporatedisclosurelevels,launchingnewindexproducts,suchasbondexchange-tradedfunds,andexpandinghedgingtoolstomanageforeignexchangeandinterestrisks,saidGrauer.Aftera20-monthprocess,therenminbi-denominatedgovernmentandpolicybankbondswillrepresentabout6to7percentoftheindex'scomponents,hesaid.Accordingtothecentralbank,China'sonshorebondmarketworthwas88trillionyuan(.12trillion)bytheendofFebruary."InternationalinvestorswanttoparticipateinthegrowthoftheChineseeconomy.Onewaytheycandothatisbyinvestinginfixed-incomeinstruments,"hesaid.Besides,theindexwillallowglobalinvestorstocompareperformancewiththeoverallsituation,akeyglobalbenchmark.Currently,China's10-yeartreasuryyieldsarehigherthanthatintheUnitedStates,GermanyandJapan,andtheirreturnsarehigherthanothereconomieswithsimilarcreditratings.Thatcoulddriveinvestordemandandprovidediversificationopportunitiestoglobalinvestors,accordingtoGrauer.InvestorsintheUnitedStateshaveconfidenceintheChinesefinancialmarket,hesaid."Ifyouwanttoplayontheglobalstage,youshouldhaveastakeonthegroundinChinaandbeagoodcorporatecitizenwithalong-termviewaboutSino-USrelations."IbelievetheopeningofChina'sfinancialmarketmaybeoneofthebiggestchangesinthehistoryofglobalcapitalmarkets,andoneofthemostexciting."TheinclusionofChinesedomesticdebtintheindexcouldpotentiallyleadtoabouttrillionoffundinflowsintotheChineseonshorebondmarket,accordingtoIvanChung,associatemanagingdirectorofMoody'sInvestorsService,aglobalratingscompany.BytheendofJanuary,foreignholdingsofChinesedomesticbondstotaled1.75trillionyuan,whichwasequivalentto2percentoftotaloutstandingonshorebonds,accordingtoMoody'sdata."AsinvestorsparticipateincreasinglyinandunderstandbettertheChineseonshorebondmarket,theywillfeelmorecomfortableincreasingtheirrenminbi-denominatedassetallocations,andexpandingtheirinvestmentstoothercreditbondslikemunicipalbonds,corporatebondsandasset-backedsecurities,"saidChung.Theamountofgovernmentandpolicybankbondsincustodyaccountstotaled47.86trillionyuanbytheendofFebruary,accordingtodatafromtheState-ownedclearinghouseChinaCentralDepositoryandClearing.Comparedwithtreasuriesandpolicybankbonds,Chinesecorporatebondsarenotsoattractivesofarfortheforeigninvestor,giventhecurrentlevelofcorporatedisclosureandgovernancequality.Concernsonpotentialdefaultrisksmighthavediscouragedthemtoincreaseholdingsinassetallocations.ZhouXiaochuan,formercentralbankgovernor,saidattheBoaoForumforAsiathatasChinaisfurtheropeningthetrilliononshorebondmarket,foreigninstitutionswillparticipatemoreintheChinesebondmarket,andtheywillincreaseinterestinunderwritingcorporatebonds.Theforeignexchangeregulatorshowedthatin2018,thenetinflowsofforeigncapitalintotheonshorebondmarketstoodat.7billion,upby1.4timesfromthelevelseenin2017."It(theinclusion)indicatestheorderlyopening-upoftheChinesecapitalmarket,andtheimprovementoffinancialmarketinfrastructure,"saidtheSAFE2018annualinternationalbalancereportreleasedonFriday.Special:TheZhuhaisectionoftheHongKong-Zhuhai-MacaoBridgeinGuangdongProvince.(PhotobyZhangYouqiong/ForChinaDaily)The"OutlineDevelopmentPlan"forGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,releasedrecently,aimstomaketheGBAaworldclassscienceandtechnologyinnovationcenter.ButhowcanGuangdongprovince,andtheHongKongandMacaospecialadministrativeregions,whichhavedifferentpoliticalsystemsand,toacertainextent,cultures,collaborateseamlesslytocreatesuchaninnovationcenterWebelievethatwhilethemarketwillbeakeydrivingforcefortheGBA'sdevelopment,thegovernmenthastoplaythekeyroleofcoordinatorandadministrativeguide.Themarketdoesplayavitalroleineconomicdevelopment,butavisionaryanddeterminedgovernmentisneededtosupplementthemarketandensurecoordinateddevelopment.First,agovernment-coordinatedplanwillpreventtheduplicationofinfrastructurefacilitiesandcut-throatcompetitionintheneighboringcities.Andmutualleveragingandinter-citycollaborationwillcreateadditionalvalueforallthethreeregionsgiventhenatureoftheirrespectiveeconomies.TheTokyoBayArea,too,facedasimilarchallenge,whichtheJapanesegovernmenttackledthroughacoordinatedplan.ThesameistruefortheSanFranciscoBayArea.Butinthelatter'scase,NGOssuchastheBayAreaCouncil,ratherthantheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment,helpedcoordinatecross-countyinfrastructureprojectssuchasrailwaysandportswiththesupportofthecountygovernments.Second,technologyandinnovationarevitalareasthegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldplayanimportantrolein.Theyshouldfundresearchinhighereducation,withoutwhichbuddingtalentscannotbetapped.Andsincetechnologicalinnovationprojectscarrygreatfinancialrisks,thegovernmentsshouldshoulderamajorpartofthoserisksbyactingasdefactoinsurers.Helpingentrepreneurstogetloansandprovidingthemwithfruitfuladvicearetwoareasinwhichthegovernmentsshouldplayacriticalrole.Bysodoing,theycanactasacatalystfortheGBA'seconomicgrowth.Financeisthebloodofanymodernenterprise,moresoforstart-ups.Butundertheexistingsystem,banksandfinancialinstitutionsintheGBAmaynotprovideloanstostart-upsbecausestart-upsareusually"lightinassets".Ofcourse,start-upscanreceivefundingfromventurecapitalcompanies.Butventurecapitalcompaniesusuallylookforveryhighreturnwithinafixedperiodoftime,whichnotallstart-upscanguarantee.Also,somejointventurecompaniesmaydemandequityinstart-upseitherintheformofconvertibleloansordirectequityinvestment,whichmanystart-upsmaynotagreetoforfearoflosingcontroloftheirbusinesses.Toovercomethesedifficulties,thegovernmentsofGuangdong,HongKongandMacaoshouldsupplementtheirsupportmodelssuchasgrants,incubationandindustryparksandtaxincentivesbyestablishingaplatformforfinancingwherethegovernmentshoulderssomeoftheriskandprovidesco-investment.Theycouldbeginbyprofessionallyassessingthedevelopmentopportunitiesandmarketpotentialofthecompanies,whichwillnotonlyhelpthestart-upstoovercometheirfinancialchallenges,butalsoinvestinemergingindustriesintheregion.Thegovernmentsshouldalsotreatcarefullywhenitcomestotakingmeasurestobridgetheoldindustrieswiththenewonesandprovideguidanceandincentivesforthetwotoworktogether.AttheendofthedaythegovernmentsandthemarketshouldnotberegardedastwoideologicallyopposingforcesfortheGBA.InarecentarticleinTheNewYorkTimes,JamalleBouiehaswritten:"Theinstitutionswhichprovidehealth,educationandwelfareservicesarewhollyexemptfromthemarket.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsoperatinginthemarketisderivedfromlabor.Therighttoparticipateindirectmanagementoftheworkunitsexemptwhollyorpartlyfromthemarketisderivedproportionallyfromlabor,ownership,andconsumptionoftheprovidedservicesandutilities."Theonlycomponent"whollyexemptfromthemarket"intheGBA'sinitialphaseshouldbegovernmentplanning,withoutwhichtheGBAcannotdevelopintoascienceandtechnologyinnovativecenter.WitmanHungisamemberoftheacademiccommitteeofChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute;andLiangHaimingisthedeanofHainanUniversityBeltandRoadResearchInstituteandchairmanoftheChinaSilkRoadiValleyResearchInstitute.Theviewsdon'tnecessarilyrepresentthoseofChinaDaily.

醉美长白山天池|文章|中国国家地理网#标题分割#长白山天池又称白头山天池,坐落在吉林省东南部,是中国和朝鲜的界湖,湖的北部在吉林省境内。长白山天池是中国最深的湖泊,为1702年火山喷发后的火口积水而成,高踞于长白山主峰白头山(海拔2691米,为东北最高峰的山)之巅。长白山天池历史上是中国自古以来不可分割的领土,在20世纪60年代以后,中国政府出于朝鲜政府提出的中朝友谊和意识形态作用,划割一半给朝鲜国,目前天池便成为中国和朝鲜的界湖。长白山天池是火山喷发自然形成的中国最大的火山口湖,也是松花江、图们江、鸭绿江三江之源。因为它所处的位置高,水面海拔达2150米,所以被称为“天池”。长白山天池呈椭圆形,南北长4.85千米,东西宽3.35千米,面积9.82平方千米,周长13.1千米。平均深度为204米,最深处373米,是中国最深的湖泊,总蓄水量约达20亿立方米。在天池周围环绕着16个山峰,天池犹如是镶在群峰之中的一块碧玉。这里经常是云雾弥漫,并常有暴雨冰雹,因此,并不是所有的游人都能看到她秀丽面容的。湖周峭壁百丈,环湖群峰环抱。这里气候多变,常有蒸气弥漫,瞬间风雨雾霭,宛若缥渺仙境。晴朗时,峰影云朵倒映碧池之中,色彩缤纷,景色诱人。曾盛传湖中有怪兽,轰动一时,至今仍为一谜。长白山天池蓄水20亿立方米,是一个巨大的天然水库。天池的水一是来自大自然降水,也就是靠雨水和雪水,二是地下泉水。天池湖水深幽清澈,象一块瑰丽的碧玉镶嵌在群山环绕之中,使人如临仙境。不过,长白山气候瞬息万变,使得天池若隐若现,故绘出了天池“水光潋滟晴方好,山色空蒙雨亦奇”的绝妙景象。在远古时期,以前长白山原是一座火山。据史籍记载,自16世纪以来它又爆发了3次,当火山爆发喷射出大量熔岩之后,火山口处形成盆状,时间一长,积水成湖,在中国明朝中期便成了今天的天池。而火山喷发出来的熔岩物质则堆积在火山口周围,成了屹立在四周的16座山峰,其中7座在朝鲜境内,9座在我国境内。这9座山峰各具特点,形成奇异的景观。长白山天池北面的一个出口,湖水由此流入,经过1200多米的蜿蜒流程,从70多米的蜿蜒绝壁山倾斜而下,形成了著名的长白山瀑布。激流跌落,一泄千丈,浪花飞溅,如雨似散,数里之外能闻其轰鸣之声。水流常年不断,天池是松花江源头。距瀑布一公里处有三个温泉群,面积为1000多平方米。水温在60-80℃。水中含硫化氢,可治愈关节炎及皮肤病。长白山除了天池和长白山瀑布外,还有不少湖泊的瀑布。天池旁边有一个小天池,又叫长白湖,水也的碧蓝的。在树林间的岳桦瀑布和在半山腰的梯云瀑布,规模也不小。此外,在长白瀑布不远处不远还有长白温泉,这是一个分布面积达1000平方米的温泉群,共有13眼向外涌水。醉美长白山天池|文章|中国国家地理网#标题分割#长白山天池又称白头山天池,坐落在吉林省东南部,是中国和朝鲜的界湖,湖的北部在吉林省境内。长白山天池是中国最深的湖泊,为1702年火山喷发后的火口积水而成,高踞于长白山主峰白头山(海拔2691米,为东北最高峰的山)之巅。长白山天池历史上是中国自古以来不可分割的领土,在20世纪60年代以后,中国政府出于朝鲜政府提出的中朝友谊和意识形态作用,划割一半给朝鲜国,目前天池便成为中国和朝鲜的界湖。长白山天池是火山喷发自然形成的中国最大的火山口湖,也是松花江、图们江、鸭绿江三江之源。因为它所处的位置高,水面海拔达2150米,所以被称为“天池”。长白山天池呈椭圆形,南北长4.85千米,东西宽3.35千米,面积9.82平方千米,周长13.1千米。平均深度为204米,最深处373米,是中国最深的湖泊,总蓄水量约达20亿立方米。在天池周围环绕着16个山峰,天池犹如是镶在群峰之中的一块碧玉。这里经常是云雾弥漫,并常有暴雨冰雹,因此,并不是所有的游人都能看到她秀丽面容的。湖周峭壁百丈,环湖群峰环抱。这里气候多变,常有蒸气弥漫,瞬间风雨雾霭,宛若缥渺仙境。晴朗时,峰影云朵倒映碧池之中,色彩缤纷,景色诱人。曾盛传湖中有怪兽,轰动一时,至今仍为一谜。长白山天池蓄水20亿立方米,是一个巨大的天然水库。天池的水一是来自大自然降水,也就是靠雨水和雪水,二是地下泉水。天池湖水深幽清澈,象一块瑰丽的碧玉镶嵌在群山环绕之中,使人如临仙境。不过,长白山气候瞬息万变,使得天池若隐若现,故绘出了天池“水光潋滟晴方好,山色空蒙雨亦奇”的绝妙景象。在远古时期,以前长白山原是一座火山。据史籍记载,自16世纪以来它又爆发了3次,当火山爆发喷射出大量熔岩之后,火山口处形成盆状,时间一长,积水成湖,在中国明朝中期便成了今天的天池。而火山喷发出来的熔岩物质则堆积在火山口周围,成了屹立在四周的16座山峰,其中7座在朝鲜境内,9座在我国境内。这9座山峰各具特点,形成奇异的景观。长白山天池北面的一个出口,湖水由此流入,经过1200多米的蜿蜒流程,从70多米的蜿蜒绝壁山倾斜而下,形成了著名的长白山瀑布。激流跌落,一泄千丈,浪花飞溅,如雨似散,数里之外能闻其轰鸣之声。水流常年不断,天池是松花江源头。距瀑布一公里处有三个温泉群,面积为1000多平方米。水温在60-80℃。水中含硫化氢,可治愈关节炎及皮肤病。长白山除了天池和长白山瀑布外,还有不少湖泊的瀑布。天池旁边有一个小天池,又叫长白湖,水也的碧蓝的。在树林间的岳桦瀑布和在半山腰的梯云瀑布,规模也不小。此外,在长白瀑布不远处不远还有长白温泉,这是一个分布面积达1000平方米的温泉群,共有13眼向外涌水。




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